- As of December 2, 2014, a total of 87 people infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Enteritidis have been reported from 11 states.
- Twenty-seven percent of ill persons have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
- CDC’s National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) laboratory conducted antibiotic resistance testing on Salmonella Enteritidis isolates collected from three ill persons infected with the outbreak strains.
- All three isolates were susceptible to all antibiotics tested on the NARMS panel.
- Collaborative investigation efforts of state, local, and federal public health and regulatory agencies indicate that bean sprouts produced by Wonton Foods, Inc. are the likely source of this outbreak. Wonton Foods, Inc. continues to cooperate with state and federal public health and agriculture officials.
- In interviews, 42 (78%) of 54 ill persons reported eating bean sprouts or menu items containing bean sprouts in the week before becoming ill.
- On November 21, 2014, Wonton Foods, Inc. agreed to destroy any remaining products while they conducted thorough cleaning and sanitization and implemented other Salmonella control measures. On November 24, the firm completed cleaning and sanitization and restarted production of bean sprouts. The firm resumed shipment on November 29, 2014
- Contaminated bean sprouts produced by Wonton Foods, Inc. are likely no longer available for purchase or consumption given the maximum 12-day shelf life of mung bean sprouts.
- CDC recommends that consumers, restaurants, and other retailers always practice food safety for sprouts. This investigation is ongoing, and CDC will update the public when more information becomes available.
- Children, older adults, pregnant women, and persons with weakened immune systems should avoid eating raw sprouts of any kind (including alfalfa, clover, radish, and mung bean sprouts).
- Cook sprouts thoroughly to reduce the risk of illness. Cooking sprouts thoroughly kills any harmful bacteria.
While the American food supply is among the safest in the world, an estimated 1 in 6 Americans is sickened by foodborne illness annually, resulting in about 3,000 deaths, according to the CDC. Salmonella is the leading cause of deaths and of hospitalizations related to foodborne illness, estimated to cause 380 deaths and 19,000 hospitalizations in the United States each year.
- As of August 20, 2014, a total of four persons infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Braenderup have been reported from four states since January 1, 2014.
- The number of ill persons identified in each state is as follows: Connecticut (1), Iowa (1), Tennessee (1), and Texas (1).
- One ill person has been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
- Collaborative investigation efforts of state, local, and federal public health and regulatory agencies indicate that almond and peanut butter manufactured by nSpired Natural Foods, Inc. is the likely source of this outbreak.
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) isolated the same strain of Salmonella Braenderup from environmental samples collected from an nSpired Natural Foods facility during routine inspections in January and July 2014.
- On August 19, 2014, nSpired Natural Foods, Inc. voluntarily recalled certain lots of almond and peanut butters because of potential contamination with Salmonella.
- The recalled brands include Arrowhead Mills, MaraNatha, Trader Joe’s, Whole Foods, Safeway, and Kroger.
- A complete listing of all of the recalled products is available on the FDA website.
- CDC recommends that consumers do not eat any of the recalled almond and peanut butter products and discard any remaining product.
- This product has a long shelf life, and it may still be in people’s homes.
- As of August 5, 2014, a total of 300 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Infantis, Salmonella Newport, or Salmonella Hadar have been reported from 42 states and Puerto Rico.
- 31% of ill persons have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.
- Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings have linked this outbreak of human Salmonella infections to contact with chicks, ducklings, and other live poultry from Mt. Healthy Hatcheries in Ohio.
- 80% of ill people reported contact with live poultry in the week before their illness began.
- Findings of multiple traceback investigations of live baby poultry from homes of ill persons have identified Mt. Healthy Hatcheries in Ohio as the source of chicks and ducklings. This is the same mail-order hatchery that has been associated with multiple outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to live poultry in past years, including in 2012 and 2013.
- CDC’s National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) laboratory conducted antibiotic resistance testing on Salmonella isolates collected from 11 ill persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Infantis or Newport. Of the 11 isolates tested:
- Two (18%) were drug resistant (defined as resistance to one or more antibiotics).
- Nine (82%) were pansusceptible (susceptible to all antibiotics tested).
- Mail-order hatcheries, agricultural feed stores, and others that sell or display chicks, ducklings, and other live poultry should provide health-related information to owners and potential purchasers of these birds prior to selling them. This should include information about the risk of acquiring a Salmonella infection from contact with live poultry.
- Read the advice to mail-order hatcheries and feed stores and others that sell or display live poultry.
- Consumers who own live poultry should take steps to protect themselves:
- Always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water right after touching live poultry or anything in the area where these birds live and roam.
- Do not let live poultry inside the house.
- Learn about additional recommendations to protect yourself and your family from Salmonella infections. These recommendations are important and apply to all live poultry, regardless of the age of the birds or where they were purchased.
- This outbreak investigation is ongoing; however, since an increase in illnesses noted in February and March, there has been a decline in the weekly number of illnesses occurring. The number of illnesses is now approaching the expected number for this time of year.
- As of July 2, 2014, a total of 621 persons infected with seven outbreak strains of Salmonella Heidelberg have been reported from 29 states and Puerto Rico, since March 1, 2013.
- 36% of ill persons have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.
- Most ill persons (77%) have been reported from California.
- Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback investigations conducted by local, state, and federal officials indicate that consumption of Foster Farms brand chicken is the likely source of this outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg infections.
- On July 3, 2014, Foster Farms recalled an undetermined amount of chicken products that may be contaminated with a particular strain of Salmonella Heidelberg.
- The recall resulted from USDA-FSIS identifying one of the outbreak strains of Salmonella Heidelberg in an intact sample of Foster Farms brand chicken with labeling information collected from the home of a person infected with the same strain in California.
- Although the recalled chicken had production dates of March 7 through March 13, 2014, USDA-FSIS and CDC are concerned that the recalled chicken could still be in people’s freezers.
- Consumers should check their freezers for the recalled chicken and should not eat it.
- The outbreak strains of Salmonella Heidelberg are resistant to several commonly prescribed antibiotics. Although these antibiotics are not typically used to treat Salmonella bloodstream infections or other severe Salmonella infections, antibiotic resistance can be associated with increased risk of hospitalization in infected individuals.
- It is not unusual for raw poultry from any producer to have Salmonella bacteria. CDC and USDA-FSIS recommend all consumers follow food safety tips to prevent Salmonella infection from any raw poultry produced by Foster Farms or any other brand.
** 32% of ill persons have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.
** Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings have linked this outbreak of human Salmonella infections to contact with chicks, ducklings, and other live poultry from Mt. Healthy Hatcheries in Ohio.
CDC Investigates Ongoing Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Chia Products
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is warning the public about an ongoing outbreak of Salmonella infections linked to products containing chia powder. Chia powder is made from small chia seeds that are sprouted and ground into powder. It is often added to health foods like smoothies for its nutritional value. It is sold at many different stores, including specialty health food stores, and online.
Multiple recalls of different brands of products containing chia powder and chia seeds have been issued by companies in the U.S. and Canada.
As of June 9, 2014, 21 illnesses have been reported in 12 U.S. states. Canada has reported similar cases of Salmonella in several provinces. Two patients have been hospitalized.
The recalled chia products linked to illness have a long shelf-life so may still be in people’s pantries without them knowing it.
Consumers should check to see if they have the recalled products in their homes. CDC urges people who have purchased any of the recalled products to not eat them, and either throw them away or return them to the place of purchase. Links and images for the recalled products are available on the CDC website at: http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/newport-05-14/advice-consumers.html.
Salmonella causes diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. Most people recover within four to seven days without treatment. Children younger than five, older adults and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness from Salmonella infection.
Please contact the CDC Media Office, if you have questions or would like to request an interview.
For up-to-date information about the outbreak, visit http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/newport-05-14/index.html.
- Read the Advice to Pet Owners »
- As of June 6, 2014, a total of 150 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Cotham (145 persons) or Salmonella Kisarawe (5 persons) have been reported from 35 states since February 21, 2012.
- 57% of ill persons are children 5 years of age or younger.
- 43% of ill persons have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
- A second rarely reported serotype, Salmonella Kisarawe, was added to this outbreak investigation after a sample from a bearded dragon collected from an ill person’s home yielded both Salmonella Kisarawe and Salmonella Cotham.
- Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings have linked this outbreak of Salmonella infections to contact with pet bearded dragons purchased from multiple stores in different states.
- Bearded dragons are popular pet lizards that come in a variety of colors.
- To date, CDC’S NARMS laboratory has conducted antibiotic resistance testing on Salmonella Cotham isolates collected from 12 ill persons infected with the outbreak strain.
- Of the 12 isolates collected from ill persons, one (8%) was resistant to ceftriaxone, an antibiotic used to treat serious Salmonella infections.
- The other 11 (92%) of the 12 isolates collected from ill persons were pansusceptible (susceptible to all antibiotics tested).
- It is very important to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water right after touching reptiles or anything in the area where they live and roam.
- Read the Advice to Consumers»
- As of June 9, 2014, a total of 21 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Newport (13 persons), Salmonella Hartford (6 persons), or Salmonella Oranienburg (2 persons) have been reported from 12 states.
- Two ill persons have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
- Two ill persons infected with a strain of Salmonella Oranienburg have been identified in two U.S. states.
- Through product testing and interviews with ill people, these illnesses have been combined with the Salmonella Newport and Salmonella Hartford infections previously identified as part of this investigation.
- Collaborative investigation efforts of state, local, and federal public health and regulatory agencies indicate that organic sprouted chia powder is the likely source of this outbreak.
- Chia powder is made from ground dried chia seeds.
- On June 4, 2014, Health Matters America, Inc., recalled products that contain sprouted chia seed powder and sprouted chia/flax seed powder due to possible Salmonella contamination.
- On June 6, 2014, Navitas Naturals expanded their existing recall to include additional expiration dates of products containing organic sprouted chia powder.
- The Public Health Agency of Canada continues to investigate similar cases of Salmonella infection in several Canadian provinces.
- Several Canadian companies have recalled products containing sprouted chia powder or chia seeds.
- CDC recommends that consumers do not eat any of the recalled products products containing chia.
- These products have a long shelf-life and may still be in people’s homes.
- The recalled products were available for purchase in many retail stores nationwide and online.
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