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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP September 1, 2013 @ 11:10 pm

9/1/1983: KAL 007 shot down; 269 souls killed

http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19830901-0

01 SEP 1983
Time: 03:26
Type: Silhouette image of generic B742 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-230B
Operator: Korean Air Lines – KAL
Registration: HL7442
C/n / msn: 20559/186
First flight: 1972-03-17 (11 years 6 months)
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7A
Crew: Fatalities: 23 / Occupants: 23
Passengers: Fatalities: 246 / Occupants: 246
Total: Fatalities: 269 / Occupants: 269

“…..Two Soviet Sukhoi Su-15 fighters were scrambled from the Dolinsk-Sokol airbase at 17:42 UTC and 17:54 respectively. At 18:16 UTC flight 007 re-entered Soviet airspace. At 18:22 the Soviet command ordered destruction of the target (for the 2nd time). Two air-to-air missiles were launched by one of the fighters and struck the Boeing at 18:26 (August 31, 03:26 local time September 1). Cabin pressure was lost and the aircraft suffered control problems, causing the Boeing to spiral down and crash into the sea.”



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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 10:57 pm

Rim Fire Overview

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http://www.inciweb.org/incident/3660/

Incident Overview

 
The Rim Fire Information Lines are operational and staffed 24 hours a day, Sunday through Saturday. Rim Fire Information Lines are: 805-727-4775 and 805-727-4746. If these phone lines are busy, contact the Stanislaus National Forest Supervisor’s Office at 209-768-9131 from 8am-8pm or contact the Groveland Ranger Station at 209-962-7825 Ext. 546, staffed from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

The Stanislaus National Forest Closure Order for the Rim Fire area has been expanded along the northern end of the fire’s edge. Please see the closure announcement and closure area map for more details. Note that the Dodge Ridge Ski Area is still open.

There are currently no mandatory evacuations or evacuation advisories for Mariposa County. An evacuation advisory remains in effect for Ponderosa Hills and areas east, along the south side of Highway 108 up to Pinecrest. Highway 120 at the Yosemite National Park boundary west to Buck Meadows has been evacuated.

Smoke from the Rim Fire has settled into Yosemite Valley, Wawona, Foresta and other areas, causing air quality impacts. This will persist for the next few days, particularly in the morning hours.

For information concerning air quality information please visit:

For more information visit:

http://www.nps.gov/yose/naturescience/aqmonitoring.htm:

California Smoke Information Blog: http://northcasmoke.blogspot.com/

San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District: http://www.valleyair.org/Home.htm

Mariposa County Air Quality: http://www.mariposacounty.org/index.aspx NID=1356

Tuolumne County Air Pollution Control: (209)533-5174 http://portal.co.tuolumne.ca.us/psp/ps/TUP_AIR_POLL_CONTROL/ENTP/h/ tab=DEFAULT

To see current smoke conditions in Yosemite NP, please visit http://www.nps.gov/yose/photosmultimedia/webcams.htm.

Fire Update as of September 1, 2013, 6pm

Burning operations, along with structure protection continued on the southeast and northern portions of the fire. Burnout operations have been temporarily suspended south of Hetch Hetchy Reservoir inside Yosemite National Park while fire behavior analysts and long-term analysts assess possibilities for opportunities for direct line construction south of Harden Lake. Crews were successful in establishing more of a buffer between designated containment lines and the head of the main fire. In multiple areas more handline is being constructed for containment where deemed safe. Bulldozers worked to enhance the stability of contingency lines amid the fire’s edge and communities of Tuolomne City, Twain Harte and Long Barn. Firefighters remain actively engaged in mop-up operations along the west flank of the fire in the Pine Mountain Lake and Buck Meadows areas. Significant progress has been made on burnout operations between Hells Mountain and Clavey Lake. Additionally, provided favorable conditions remain, more crews are expected to carry on with burning and structure defense operations throughout the night with the exception of the above mentioned areas temporarily suspended.

 

Basic Information

Incident Type Wildfire
Cause Under Investigation
Date of Origin Saturday August 17th, 2013 approx. 03:15 PM
Location Groveland Range District, Stanislaus NF
Incident Commander Wilkins/lawshe

Current Situation

Total Personnel 4,606
Size 224,777 acres
Percent Contained 45%
Estimated Containment Date Sunday October 20th, 2013 approx. 12:00 AM
Fuels Involved Brush, Oaks, and Pine
Fire Behavior Very active information in the afternoon after the inversion broke. Running surface fire, torching, crowning, and spotting were observed on the fires south and east perimeters. Moderate rates of spread were observed both in advancing surface fire and backing fire on the northern and western fire perimeters. Heavy fuels still continue to experience complete combustion with high probability of combustion.
Significant Events Good progress was made on containing a 61 acre spot fire southeast of Pilot Peak Lookout. Good progress was made with burnout operations around the Crane Flat Lookout. Mandatory evacuations continue south of HWY 120 towards Yosemite National Park north of the Old Yosemite Road. There is a closure of Tioga Road west of Yosemite Creek Picnic Area. A Stanislaus National Forest closure order is in effect for locations near and in advance of the fire. The evacuation advisory continues for areas east of Highway 108 from Ponderosa Hills north to Pinecrest. Several locations to the west side of Yosemite National Park have also had closures implemented as a result of the fire’s spread. Access and difficult terrain remain concerns for crews and equipment. Burnout operations have been temporarily suspended south of Hatch Hetchy Reservoir inside Yosemite National Park while fire behavior analysts and long-term analysts will be assessing possibilites for more direct line construction south of Harden Lake. Significant progress was made on burnout operations between Hells Mountain and Clavey Meadows.

Outlook

Planned Actions There will be continued direct line construction and plumbing of handlines with Type 1 crews to contain spot fires both southwest and southeast of Pilot Peak Lookout. There will also continued direct and indirect line construction accompanied by burnout oeprations where accessibility and safety allow along the northern and eastern edges of the fire. Burnout operations will continue in the Hull Creek Drainage. There will be reinforcement of contingency lines in advance of the communities of Tuolumne City, Twain Harte, and Long Barn. Mopup and patrol will happen along the southwest edge of the fire. Construction and improvement of contingency lines along Dodge Ridge will continue. The burnout operation on the eastern edge of the fire in Yosemite National Park along the Big Oak Road and Tioga Road will continue as favorable conditions allow. There will also be continued burnout operations near Clavey Meadow. Mop-up and patrol on the central western edge of the fire.
Growth Potential Extreme
Terrain Difficulty Extreme
Remarks Very active fire and extensive spotting continue to hamper suppression efforts and pose risks to firefighters. A signficant utilization and reliance upon aerial resources with heavy air tankers including the VLAT DC-10 and MAFFS is occurring with reinforcement of control lines in advance of the fire’s spread, control of spot fires, and slowing the fire’s advancement through terrain inaccessible to ground resources to allow time for indirect line construction to be completed. Type 1 helicopters are providing point protection and cooling areas where direct line construction can be achieved safely. The extremely dry fuels, highs winds and potential remain signficant concerns for the fire to advance beyond retardant lines. Approximately 4,500 structures remain threatened in advance of the fire on both the east and west sides. Fire is expected to continue its eastward spread father into the west side of Yosemite National Park east of Aspen Valley. Several residents remain under mandatory evacuation in the Scotts Ridge area south of HWY 120.Due to inaccessible steep terrain and extreme fire behavior suppression efforts on active portions of the fire are being significantly challenged. Heavy reliance on aviation resources has been critical in an effort to slow the fire’s progress to allow suppression resources to establish indirect control lines in areas where accessibility and safety can be achieved. The availability of heavy aircraft is pertinent to the success of suppression efforts.

Continued warmer and drier weather is forecasted for the next several days, which will elevate control concerns and slow burnout progress. Remotely piloted aircraft is providing realtime visual and infrared intelligence on the fire. Continued unified command with CAL FIRE.

 

Current Weather

Wind Conditions 15 mph SW
Temperature 80 degrees
Humidity 31%


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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 10:46 pm

Rim Fire grows to 348 square miles

Uncategorized

http://www.latimes.com/local/la-me-yosemite-fire-20130902,0,1235843.story

Rim fire now the fourth-largest blaze in California history

The fire burning in and around Yosemite National Park grows to 348 square miles, surpassing a 1932 blaze in Ventura County.

By Samantha Schaefer

September 1, 2013, 7:21 p.m.

 

“……..More than 5,000 firefighters are battling the blaze, which began Aug. 17 and is 40% contained, according to the U.S. Forest Service………..”



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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 10:28 pm

CNN: The Arab League called Sunday for the United Nations Security Council “to assume its responsibility and take all the deterrent and needed measures against this crime and all crimes of genocide” in Syria, Arab League Secretary General Nabil el-Araby said in a Twitter post, referring to alleged chemical weapons use there last month.

Uncategorized

Link:   CNN.com



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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 4:57 am

Protection by face mask: Not a bad idea in the middle of a pandemic and you’re on a long flight to Neverland;

Uncategorized

Zhang L, Peng Z, Ou J, Zeng G, Fontaine RE, Liu M, et al.

Protection by face masks against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus on trans-Pacific passenger aircraft, 2009.

Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2013 Sep [date cited].

http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1909.121765External Web Site Icon

DOI: 10.3201/eid1909.121765

Abstract

“In response to several influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 infections that developed in passengers after they traveled on the same 2 flights from New York, New York, USA, to Hong Kong, China, to Fuzhou, China, we assessed transmission of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus on these flights………. Illness developed only in passengers who traveled on the New York to Hong Kong flight. We compared exposures of 9 case-passengers with those of 32 asymptomatic control-passengers. None of the 9 case-passengers, compared with 47% (15/32) of control-passengers, wore a face mask for the entire flight (odds ratio 0, 95% CI 0–0.71). The source case-passenger was not identified. ‘

Wearing a face mask was a protective factor against influenza infection………..”



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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 4:55 am

NASA Foto: The Rim fire burning in and near Yosemite

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Rim Fire Smoke and Burn Scar

The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this false-color image of the Rim fire burning in and near Yosemite National Park on August 30, 2013. The image, based on ASTER’s observations of visible and infrared light, highlights the contrast between burned and unburned vegetation. Unburned vegetation appears bright red, whereas burned areas are gray. Thick plumes of smoke are also visible billowing from the fire.

  1. References and Further Reading

  2. The Atlantic Wire (2013, August 30) Watch a Terrifying and Beautiful Timelapse of the Yosemite Rim Fire. Accessed August 30, 2013.
  3. InciWeb (2013, August 30) Rim Fire. Accessed August 30, 2013.
  4. NASA Earth Observatory (2013, August 27) A Nighttime View of California’s Rim Fire.
  5. NASA Earth Observatory (2013, August 22) Rim Fire, California.

NASA Earth Observatory image by Jesse Allen, using data from NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team. Caption by Adam Voiland.

Instrument:
Terra – ASTER
 
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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 4:52 am

NASA Foto: Swollen rivers throughout northeastern China

Flooding in Northeastern China

Summer rains have swollen rivers throughout northeastern China, including the Songhua River. Water levels peaked in Harbin on August 27 and have remained high. The Songhua River is one of many tributaries of the Amur (Heilongjiang) River, which is experiencing its most severe floods in a century.

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired these images of the river exactly one year apart, on August 30, 2013 (top) and August 30, 2012 (bottom). The images include infrared and visible light so that plant covered land is bright green and water is black. Blue and white clouds are scattered across the 2013 image.

  1. References

  2. CCTV (2013, August 28) NE China floods threaten more people as peak reaches Harbin. Accessed August 30, 2013.

NASA image courtesy LANCE/EOSDIS MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Holli Riebeek.

Instrument:
Terra – MODIS
 
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September 1st, 2013 posted by Paul Rega, MD, FACEP @ 4:52 am

Looking at Kiko and Beyond

 
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