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Antananarivo – “A particularly severe outbreak of malaria in Madagascar has killed seven people since the beginning of the month and has left 60 others in need of hospitalisation……Madagascar has seen an increase in the number of malaria cases in the first months of 2012 when compared with the previous year…”
This photo of central Inner Mongolia, about 200 miles north of Beijing, was taken on Nov. 24, 2004, from the International Space Station. The yellow arrow points to an estimated location of 42.5N 117.4E where the wall is visible. The red arrows point to other visible sections of the wall. Credit: NASA.
“More than 700 dogs have been put down in Jiajiang county, Sichuan province, in the wake of a rabies case that resulted in the death of a woman.
On the way back home from a local market on April 24, Zhang Dingxiu, a 63-year-old inhabitant of Taiping village, Mucheng town, was bitten twice by a neighbor‘s dog, according to the West China Metropolis Daily.
“Because she did not feel ill, my wife only cleaned the wounds with alcohol,” recalled Zhang‘s husband Guo Wenxiao.
“She should have sought treatment in a hospital,” the 64-year-old said regretfully at home while smoking.
While working in the fields five days later, Zhang‘s shoulders became numb but the feeling relapsed after she raised both her hands.
The next day she went to the public health center in Mucheng where a doctor gave her some traditional Chinese medicine for rheumatism.
“But before she took the medicine, she felt worse — on May 1. She was scared of the sight of water and wanted to vomit,” Guo was quoted as saying……
That morning, Zhang was hospitalized in the public health center in Mucheng but medics could not find the cause of her symptoms.
Her condition deteriorated and she was transferred to the Jiajiang county hospital in the early hours of May 3.
“As she did not take a turn for the better, my wife was transferred to an armed police hospital in Leshan, which has Jiajiang under its administration, at noon on May 4,” Guo said.
Doctors there diagnosed Zhang as suffering from rabies. Zhang died early in the morning on May 5……”
Leptospirosis in Peru
This information is current as of today, May 11, 2012 at 20:47 EDT
Released: May 11, 2012
Flooding has caused an outbreak of leptospirosis in Peru, especially in the Loreto region. This is the worst flooding seen in this area for over 20 years. Peru has reported more than 300 cases and 3 deaths associated with leptospirosis thus far in 2012. Health authorities have alerted people to take precautions against the infection.
Leptospirosis is a disease that is spread by animal urine. People become infected with the disease when they come in contact with body fluids of infected animals or in contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with infected urine. Leptospirosis is a hazard for many people who work outdoors or with animals. The disease has also been associated with swimming, wading, kayaking, and rafting in contaminated lakes and rivers. Symptoms include high fever, headache, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, jaundice (yellow eyes and skin), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rash. Some people do not experience symptoms. This disease can cause kidney or liver failure and/or meningitis (swelling of the tissue covering the brain). Without treatment, recovery can take several months.
Leptospirosis occurs throughout the world, especially in regions with flooding. Leptospirosis occurs more often in tropical areas. Urban areas lacking sanitation may also have a higher risk of leptospirosis.
No vaccine is available to prevent leptospirosis. Travelers to areas with flooding can take the following steps to prevent the disease:
Adult travelers who travel to the Loreto region of Peru are at increased risk for leptospirosis and should be advised to consider chemoprophylaxis with doxycycline (200 mg orally, weekly), begun 1–2 days before and continuing through the period of exposure. Indications for prophylactic doxycycline use for children < 8 years of age have not been established. Travelers at increased risk for leptospirosis and in need of malaria chemoprophylaxis should consider using doxycycline for both indications.
Diagnosis of leptospirosis is usually based on serology. Antibodies may be detected in the blood within 5–7 days of symptom onset. Culture and demonstration of the organism under darkfield microscopy are both relatively insensitive. No PCR assay has been validated with clinical specimens. Confirmation of leptospirosis requires seroconversion between acute- and convalescent-phase serum specimens, as demonstrated by the microscopic agglutination test (MAT), culture of the organism from clinical specimens, or demonstration of Leptospira in a clinical specimen by immunofluorescence.
Missed or delayed diagnosis of leptospirosis is common because of its nonspecific clinical presentation and a low index of suspicion among clinicians seeing returned travelers. Antimicrobial therapy should be initiated early in the course of the disease if leptospirosis is suspected. Intravenous penicillin is a drug of choice for patients with severe leptospirosis. As with other spirochete infections, a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (an acute febrile reaction that can range from rash to anaphylaxis) can develop after initiation of penicillin therapy. Various methods have been described to prevent or control Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions, and management should follow the appropriate standards for patient care. Doxycycline is effective in decreasing the severity and duration of leptospirosis and the occurrence of leptospiruria. Parenteral third-generation cephalosporins and azithromycin may also be used for treatment. Because of the risk for potential complications, including cardiac arrhythmia, renal failure, pulmonary involvement and respiratory distress, or myocarditis, patients with leptospirosis may require hospitalization, supportive therapy, and close monitoring.
By EMS1 Staff
NEW YORK — “New York’s 911 system gets nearly 4 million calls a year from people who accidentally dial on cell phones….. .
Most of the calls, known as butt calls or pocket dials, came from cell phone users who unknowingly dial 911 when accidentally touching their phones stored in their back pockets, purses or elsewhere.
In 2010, the system handled 3,910,373 pocket dials, which outnumbered actual dispatches, according to The NY Daily News. In the first four months of 2011 (the most recent information available in the report), the calls increased to 39 percent of all calls handled by police operators…..”
|CDFA ANNOUNCES RECALL OF RAW MILK PRODUCTS AT ORGANIC PASTURES OF FRESNO COUNTY||
According to CDPH, symptoms of campylobacteriosis include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever. Most people with campylobacteriosis recover completely. Illness usually occurs 2 to 5 days after exposure to campylobacter and lasts about a week. The illness is usually mild and some people with campylobacteriosis have no symptoms at all. However, in some persons with compromised immune systems, it can cause a serious, life-threatening infection. A small percentage of people may have joint pain and swelling after infection. In addition, a rare disease called Guillain-Barre syndrome that causes weakness and paralysis can occur several weeks after the initial illness.
Buncombe County Department of Health News
On Thursday, May 10, Buncombe County Department of Health received final test results from the NC Department of Public Health laboratory confirming that the unopened bag of culture that was added to the tempeh tested positive for the matching strain of Salmonella Paratyphi B linked to the current disease outbreak.
The US Food and Drug Administration is already involved in tracing the origin of the ingredient to identify source of contamination as well as the potential for other Salmonella outbreaks in the US.
As of May 10 at 2 PM, Buncombe County Department of Health reports 58 cases associated with salmonella outbreak. Please keep in mind that this number does not include cases being reported in other counties or states.
NC Department of Public Health reports 63 cases, which includes cases in NC and other states; however there is a slight delay in reporting.
To listen to information, call the HOTLINE: 828.250.5300 (English, Spanish and Russian).
To report symptoms of Salmonella Paratyphi B, call Communicable Disease Nurses: 828.250.5109.
Five Multistate Outbreaks of Human Salmonella Infections Linked to Small Turtles
Posted May 10, 2012 5:15 PM ET