Britons told to “stay off drink for two days a week”
“……”We suggest that, if daily guidelines are retained, the Government consider simplifying the guidelines so that, as is the case in Scotland, all individuals are advised to take at least two alcohol-free days a week,” the report said.
“This would enforce the message that drinking every day should be avoided, and would helpfully quantify what “regular” drinking means to the public,” it added…..”
The devices work because pools of blood in the brain absorb and reflect light differently than normal brain tissue. By shining a particular wavelength of light — near infrared — onto different parts of the head, the device can spot life-threatening bleeds, or hematomas.
“……..Along with the obesity epidemic in America has come an explosion in weight-loss surgery, with about 220,000 operations a year — a sevenfold leap in a decade, according to industry figures — costing more than $6 billion a year. And the newest frontier is young patients ……….But the long-term effectiveness of weight-loss surgery, particularly stomach banding…… is still in question. And the push toward surgery on the young has brought some resistance from doctors who say it is too drastic to operate on patients whose bodies might still be developing and who have not been given much time to lose pounds on their own…….”
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked To Depression, UT Southwestern Psychiatrists Report
Article Date: 07 Jan 2012 – 0:00 PST
“”…….Low levels of vitamin D already are associated with a cavalcade of health woes from cardiovascular diseases to neurological ailments. This new study – published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings – helps clarify a debate that erupted after smaller studies produced conflicting results about the relationship between vitamin D and depression. Major depressive disorder affects nearly one in 10 adults in the U.S……UT Southwestern researchers examined the results of almost 12,600 participants from late 2006 to late 2010.
Dr. Brown and colleagues from The Cooper Institute found that higher vitamin D levels were associated with a significantly decreased risk of current depression……. Low vitamin D levels were associated with depressive symptoms, particularly those with a history of depression, so primary care patients with a history of depression may be an important target for assessing vitamin D levels. The study did not address whether increasing vitamin D levels reduced depressive symptoms……..”
By Charles Bankhead, Staff Writer, MedPage Today
Published: January 06, 2012
O.R. No Longer Obvious End of Knife Fights
“Penetrating abdominal wounds are increasingly being managed with nonsurgical treatment, with a concomitant reduction in the rate of nontherapeutic laparotomy, analysis of a large U.S. trauma database showed.
Almost 30% of 25,700 abdominal gunshot and stab wounds were initially managed without surgery from 2002 to 2008. The rate of nonoperative management increased significantly over the time period (P<0.001)…..”